Changes in business models brought about by the fourth industrial revolution also bring about a changed way of work. Work, and no longer employment, is becoming more and more of a value, and therefore the labor market must become more flexible and enable different forms of work that follow the development and new forms of occupation.
1. Easier arrival of talent and key personnel from abroad
The key factors for the development of Slovenia are high added value jobs and investments in human capital. Slovenia and, consequently, the Slovenian economy can gain a lot by facilitating the arrival of key personnel from abroad, by implementing it in a more efficient and predictable way than it is now and thus becoming more competitive as a country. We propose a more efficient arrangement and faster obtaining of work permits and temporary residence permits for foreigners in Slovenia, because talented and capable personnel represent the key competitive advantage for all companies, and especially for high-tech development companies.
2. Active employment of the elderly
The problem with which Slovenia is even more confronted in providing talent and / labor force, is a demographic picture, which indicates that in 2060 the share of young people in Slovenia will be only 20%, while those over 65 will be 30%. The employment rate for people between the ages of 55 and 64 in Slovenia is among the lowest in Europe; therefore, it is important to encourage employers to employ individuals over 55 years of age and to raise awareness and guidance in promoting and motivating low-skilled adults in order to improve their knowledge and skills. Likewise, those older than 55 years should be encouraged to stay active as long as possible and to share their knowledge with the younger ones.
3. Introducing the competencies of the future to the school system
Because the work of the future does not mean one lifelong job any more, changes call for an education system that equips people with the necessary knowledge and skills for a changing labor market. We should teach our children for professions that do not even exist today, but will only appear in ten years. We need a quality school system, ready for the work of the future, as well as innovative and targeted educational programs.
Since education will change and will last for a lifetime, we will need a system that will focus on lifelong learning, with the key role to be played by advanced educational institutions that will connect with the economy with a view to the transfer of knowledge (integration in research and development), acquiring practical experience and discovering and recruiting talents. We would like to see a system that will promote openness, creativity, innovative and multidisciplinary thinking, entrepreneurial literacy, the development of social skills and the provision of skills that employers need today and in the future.
Nevenka Oštarjaš, IBM SLOVENIJA